Both induction chemotherapy and concurrent low-dose cisplatin have been shown to improve results of thoracic irradiation in the treatment of locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This phase II study was designed to investigate activity and feasibility of a novel chemoradiation regimen consisting of induction chemotherapy followed by standard radiotherapy and concurrent daily low-dose cisplatin. Previously untreated patients with histologically/cytologically proven unresectable stage IIIA/B NSCLC were eligible. Induction chemotherapy consisted of vinblastine 5 mg m-2 intravenously (i.v.) on days 1, 8, 15, 22 and 29, and cisplatin 100 mg m-2 i.v. on days 1 and 22 followed by continuous radiotherapy (60 Gy in 30 fractions) given concurrently with daily cisplatin at a dose of 5 mg m-2 i.v. Thirty-two patients were enrolled. Major toxicity during induction chemotherapy was haematological: grade III-IV leukopenia was observed in 31% and grade II anaemia in 16% of the patients. The most common severe toxicity during concurrent chemoradiation consisted of grade III leukopenia (21% of the patients); grade III oesophagitis occurred in only two patients and pulmonary toxicity in one patient who died of this complication. Eighteen of 32 patients (56%, 95% CI 38-73%) had a major response (11 partial response, seven complete response). With a median follow-up of 38.4 months, the median survival was 12.5 months and the actuarial survival rates at 1, 2 and 3 years were 52%, 26% and 19% respectively. The median event-free survival was 8.3 months with a probability of 40%, 23% and 20% at 1, 2 and 3 years respectively, induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent daily low-dose cisplatin and thoracic irradiation, in patients with locally advanced NSCLC, is active and feasible with minimal non-haematological toxicity. Long-term survival results are promising and appear to be similar to those of more toxic chemoradiation regimens, warranting further testing of this novel chemoradiation strategy.
- Concurrent chemoradiation in NSCLC
- Induction chemotherapy
- Phase II study
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research