Pediatric patients with hematologic malignancies require several procedural sedations by means of propofol infusion. We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of leukemic pediatric patients who had undergone procedural sedations at an Italian tertiary referral center (San Gerardo Hospital, Monza) from January 2011 to November 2013. We retrieved the following: demographics; diagnosis; chemotherapy phase; use of corticosteroids; induction dosage of propofol, fentanyl and/or ketamine; and the type of procedure. We used a multivariate linear mixed model to evaluate the factors affecting induction propofol dose. We analyzed 1459 procedures (59% lumbar punctures, 31% bone marrow aspirations) performed on 96 children (7 [4-10] y old, 24 [16-34] kg, 37% female) admitted for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (80%), lymphoma (11%), and acute myeloid leukemia (7%). The induction propofol dose increased by 0.03 mg/kg per each procedure (P<0.05), from 2.6 (2.0-3.2) to 3.5 (2.6-4.3) mg/kg at the first and the last procedure, respectively. Higher age, weight, and use of ketamine were associated to lower propofol dosage (P<0.01), while combined procedures increased propofol dosage (P<0.01). In a large cohort of leukemic pediatric patients undergoing procedural sedation, the induction dose of propofol was increased over time, regardless of weight, age, use of corticosteroids, diagnosis, and treatment phase.
- retrospective study
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health