Induction of globin mRNA expression by interleukin-3 in a stem cell factor-dependent SV-40 T-antigen-immortalized multipotent hematopoietic cell line

Linda Cairns, Marco Cirò, Mario Minuzzo, François Morlé, Joëlle Starck, Sergio Ottolenghi, Antonella Ronchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Erythropoiesis requires the stepwise action on immature progenitors of several growth factors, including stem cell factor (SCF), interleukin 3 (IL-3), and erythropoietin (Epo). Epo is required to sustain proliferation and survival of committed progenitors and might further modulate the level of expression of several erythroid genes, including globin genes. Here we report a new SCF-dependent immortalized mouse progenitor cell line (GATA-1 ts SCF) that can also grow in either Epo or IL-3 as the sole growth factor. When grown in SCF, these cells show an "open" chromatin structure of the β-globin LCR, but do not significantly express globin. However, Epo or IL-3 induce globin expression and are required for its maintainance. This effect of IL-3 is unexpected as IL-3 was previously reported either to be unable to induce hemoglobinization, or even to antagonize it. This suggests that GATA-1 ts SCF cells may have progressed to a stage in which globin genes are already poised for expression and only require signal(s) that can be elicited by either Epo or IL-3. Through the use of inhibitors, we suggest that p38 may be one of the molecules modulating induction and maintenance of globin expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-49
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume195
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

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