In this study, we evaluated the effects of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and its gp120 protein on interleukin-10 (IL-10) expression in cultured human monocytes/macrophages. Infection of either 1-day monocytes or 7-day monocyte-derived macrophages with HIV-1 strain Ba-L resulted in clear- cut accumulation of IL-10 mRNA at 4 and 24 h. Likewise, treatment of these cells with recombinant gp120 induced IL-10 mRNA expression and caused a marked increase in IL-10 secretion. Monoclonal antibodies to gp120 strongly inhibited recombinant gp120-induced IL-10 secretion by monocytes/macrophages. Moreover, the addition of IL-10 to monocytes/macrophages resulted in a significant inhibition of HIV-1 replication 7 and 14 days after infection. On the whole, these results indicate that HIV-1 (possibly through its gp120 protein) up-regulates IL-10 expression in monocytes/macrophages. We suggest that in vivo production of IL-10 by HIV-primed monocytes/macrophages can play an important role in the early response to HIV-1 infection.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Virology|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|
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