Background: Subcutaneous specific immunotherapy has been demonstrated to be capable of inducing T-cell regulatory response. Interleukin 10 (IL-10) plays a crucial role in inducing allergen-specific tolerance; however, no previous studies have examined IL-10 production after sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT). Objective: To evaluate T-cell proliferation and IL-10 production in patients successfully treated with SLIT for house dust mites (HDMs). Methods: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated from patients after at least 3 years of successful HDM SLIT and from matched untreated allergic patients and healthy control subjects. After 3 and 6 days of in vitro stimulation with phytohemagglutinin (PHA), Candida albicans, and Dermatophagoides farinae, proliferation and production of IL-10 were measured. Results: Patients treated with SLIT showed a significant reduction of proliferation induced by C albicans compared with untreated atopic patients (P <.001), but a significant reduction was also demonstrated in healthy controls compared with untreated atopic patients (P <.001). Patients treated with SLIT also showed a significant increase of IL-10 production after Candida and PHA stimuli compared with patients with untreated rhinitis (P <.001 for both). Patients with untreated rhinitis did not produce IL-10. Conclusion: This preliminary study confirms reduced T-cell proliferation and preliminarily provides the first evidence, to our knowledge, of peripheral IL-10 production in allergic patients successfully treated with HDM SLIT.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy