Induction of ornithine decarboxylase by nerve growth factor in PC12 cells: Dissection by purine analogues

C. Volonte, L. A. Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purine analogues were used to probe the mechanism by which nerve growth factor (NGF) and other agents regulate cellular ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity. Exposure of cultured rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells to NGF causes a 10-50-fold induction of ODC activity within 4-6 h. We recently found that purine analogues block this induction as well as other, but not all, actions of NGF and have provided evidence that the inhibitory actions of the analogues may be due in part to the suppression of an NGF-activated protein kinase activity (Volonte, C., Rukenstein, A., Loeb, D.M., and Greene, L.A. (1989) J. Cell Biol. 109, 2395-2403). The present results show that the purine analogues also suppress the induction of ODC mRNA. One of the analogues used was 6-thioguanine (6-TG). Although 6-TG was effective when applied simultaneously with NGF, if NGF was administered for as little as 1-3 min before 6-TG, ODC induction was unimpaired. This suggests that 6-TG blocks an early step in the NGF mechanism, and that once this step is triggered, the ODC induction pathway is no longer sensitive to this analogue. In contrast, another purine analogue, 2-aminopurine (2-AP), effectively inhibited ODC induction even if applied only during the last hour of a 5-h exposure to NGF. It is hypothesized that this increased period of sensitivity to 2-AP may be due to its broader range (as compared to 6-TG) as an inhibitor of protein kinase activities. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) and cAMP derivatives also induce ODC activity in PC12 cells, and these effects were suppressed by 6-TG and 2-AP at concentrations similar to those that affect responses to NGF. However, short term (

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11050-11055
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume265
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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