The icosahedral protein scaffold (1.5MDa) generated by self-assembly of the catalytic domains of the dihydrolipoyl acetyltransferase core of the pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex from Bacillus stearothermophilus has been engineered to display 60 copies of one or more peptide epitopes on a single molecule (E2DISP). An E2DISP scaffold displaying pep23, a 15-residue B- and T-helper epitope from the reverse transcriptase of HIV-1, was able to induce a pep23-specific T-helper response in cell lines in vitro. The same scaffold displaying both pep23 and peptide RT2, a nine-residue CTL epitope from HIV-1 reverse transcriptase, was able to prime an RT2-specific CD8+ T-cell response in human cell lines in vitro and in HLA-A2 transgenic mice in vivo. This was accompanied by a humoral antibody response specific for E2DISP-presented epitopes. Thus, the icosahedral acetyltransferase core constitutes a simple and flexible scaffold for multiple epitope display with access to both cellular and humoral immune response pathways.
- Antigen presentation
- CTL response
- Dihydrolipoyl acetyltransferase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health