Infant neurological examination from 3 to 12 months: Predictive value of the single items

A. Pizzardi, D. M M Romeo, M. Cioni, M. G. Romeo, A. Guzzetta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The prognostic value of the single items of a standardised neurological examination, the Hammersmith Infant Neurologic Examination (HINE), was explored longitudinally in 658 infants at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months post-term age. ROC curves were built based on the presence/absence of cerebral palsy at 2 years of age. Global HINE scores showed very high prediction (ROC curve areas above 0.9) at all ages. The items with the highest predictive value were always movement quality and quantity. In the first semester, among the most predictive items were those assessing tone, while beyond that time they were reflexes and reactions. Our results show that the high predictive value of the HINE across the first year of life is granted by the successful combination of different groups of items for each age-period. This should be recognised in clinical practice when assessing the significance of individual neurological profiles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)344-346
Number of pages3
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008


  • Cerebral palsy
  • Infant
  • Neurological risk
  • Predictive value
  • ROC curve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology


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