Infectious agents in mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue-type lymphomas: Pathogenic role and therapeutic perspectives

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Abstract

Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma probably constitutes the best in vivo model showing how complex interplay between B lymphocytes and the surrounding microenvironment may lead to a neoplastic disorder. After the seminal discovery of the pathogenic association between Helicobacter pylori and gastric MALT lymphomas, evidence suggests the possible involvement of other infectious agents in the development of MALT lymphomas arising at different body sites. Although several other bacteria (Borrelia burgdorferi, Campylobacter jejuni, and Chlamydia psittaci) and viruses (Hepatitis C virus) seem to play a role in lymphomas presenting at different locations, a possible common pathogenic mechanism is emerging. Several lines of evidence suggest that different infectious agents might provide a chronic antigenic stimulation that elicits host immune responses able to promote clonal B-cell expansion. This model is also substantiated by the increasing number of patients with MALT lymphomas who exhibit objective clinical responses after antimicrobial therapy. A multidisciplinary approach is critical to better understand the complex etiopathogenesis of MALT lymphomas with the final goal to dissect the clinicopathologic heterogeneity of these disorders and design more tailored preventive and therapeutic approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-300
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Lymphoma and Myeloma
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2006

Keywords

  • Antibiotic therapy
  • Gastrointestinal lymphomas
  • Hepatitis C virus
  • Immunophenotype
  • Infectious agent
  • Pathogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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