Infezioni da COVID-19 in Friuli Venezia Giulia: analisi retrospettiva su base di popolazione: Epidemiologia e prevenzione

E. Calagnan, M. Gobbato, I. Burba, S. Del Zotto, F. Toffolutti, D. Serraino, G. Tonutti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: to study the cumulative incidence, the demographics and health conditions of the population tested for COVID-19, and to map the evolving distribution of individual cases in the population of the Friuli Venezia Giulia Region (North-Eastern Italy). DESIGN: population-based observational study based on a record linkage procedure of databases included in the electronic health information system of the Friuli Venezia Giulia Region. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the study group consisted of individuals who resided in the Friuli Venezia Giulia Region and who underwent COVID-19 testing from 01.03 to 24.04.2020. The study group was identified from the laboratory database, which contains all the microbiological testing performed in regional facilities. Tested people were categorized into positive or negative cases, based on test results. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: probability of being tested for and cumulative incidence of COVID-19. RESULTS: the cumulative probability of being tested for COVID-19 was 278/10,000 inhabitants, while the cumulative incidence was 22 cases/10,000. Out of 33,853 tested people, 2,744 (8.1%) turned out to be positive for COVID-19. Women were tested more often than men (337 vs 216/10,000), and they showed a higher incidence of infection than men (25 and 19 infected cases/10,000 residents, respectively). Both cumulative incidence and cumulative probability of being tested were higher in the elderly population. About 25% of infected people was hosted in retirement homes and 9% was represented by healthcare workers. Thirty seven percent of positive cases had hypertension, 15% cardiologic diseases, while diabetes and cancer characterized 11.7% and 10% of the infected population, respectively. The geographic distribution of positive cases showed a faster spread of the infection in the city of Trieste, an urban area with the highest regional population density. CONCLUSIONS: the COVID-19 pandemic did not hit the Friuli Venezia Giulia Region as hard as other Northern Italian Regions. In the early phase, as documented in this study, the COVID-19 pandemic particularly affected women and elderly people, especially those living in retirement homes in Trieste.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-329
Number of pages7
JournalEpidemiol Prev
Volume44
Issue number56
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • epidemiology
  • Friuli Venezia Giulia Region
  • geography
  • North-Eastern Italy
  • angiotensin 1 receptor antagonist
  • angiotensin receptor antagonist
  • adolescent
  • adult
  • age distribution
  • aged
  • child
  • comorbidity
  • diagnosis
  • factual database
  • female
  • home for the aged
  • hospitalization
  • human
  • incidence
  • infant
  • Italy
  • male
  • medical geography
  • middle aged
  • newborn
  • pandemic
  • preschool child
  • retrospective study
  • sex ratio
  • very elderly
  • young adult
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers
  • Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Comorbidity
  • COVID-19 Testing
  • Databases, Factual
  • Female
  • Geography, Medical
  • Homes for the Aged
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pandemics
  • Procedures and Techniques Utilization
  • Retrospective Studies
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Sex Distribution
  • Young Adult

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