Inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and coronary syndromes; moreover, various lines of evidence suggest that genetic factors contribute significantly to the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). Through its effects on endothelial function, coagulation, insulin resistance and lipid metabolism, the proinflammatory cytokine TNF could be involved in cardiovascular pathophysiology. The aim of our study is to analyze whether TNF gene promoter (-308 G/A; -857 G/A) and TNF receptor polymorphisms (TNFR1 MspA1 I exon 1 and TNFR2 Nla III exon 6) show involvement in CAD predisposition in a group of Italian patients compared with healthy controls. Genotyping was performed by PCR-RFLP. Consecutive Italian patients with angiographically proven CAD (n= 248) were compared with controls (n=241), matched for age, sex and geographical origins. CAD patients showed a higher frequency of the TNF -308 A allele than healthy controls (p=0.046). After stratification according to risk factors for CAD, our analysis revealed that CAD patients with diabetes (p=0.042) and CAD patients without hypertension (p= 0.0495) displayed a higher frequency of the TNF -308 AA genotype compared with healthy controls. Our data stress the inflammatory nature of CAD and show a possible involvement of TNF -308G/A promoter polymorphisms in the predisposition to the development of this disease. The less frequent A allele seems to be a predisposing factor for development of CAD in particular pathological settings associated with the disease itself, such as diabetes.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2007|
- Coronary artery disease
- TNF receptors
ASJC Scopus subject areas