Inflammatory indexes as predictive factors for platinum sensitivity and as prognostic factors in recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer patients: a MITO24 retrospective study

Alberto Farolfi, Emanuela Scarpi, Filippo Greco, Alice Bergamini, Lucia Longo, Sandro Pignata, Claudia Casanova, Gennaro Cormio, Alessandra Bologna, Michele Orditura, Laura Zavallone, Laura Attademo, Valentina Gallà, Elisena Franzese, Eva Pigozzi, Vera Loizzi, Giorgio Giorda, Donatella Giardina, Raffaella Cioffi, Ugo De Giorgi

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Abstract

Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and systemic inflammatory index (SII) are prognostic factors in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Their predictive value for platinum-sensitivity and their role in recurrent EOC are unknown. A total of 375 EOC patients were retrospectively analyzed. The correlation between baseline NLR and SII, and platinum-free interval (PFI) according to first line bevacizumab treatment were analyzed using logistic regression analyses adjusted for baseline patient characteristics. Subsequently NLR and SII calculated before second line treatment initiation were evaluated to identify a potential correlation with progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in platinum-sensitive and in platinum-resistant population. In multivariate analysis, NLR ≥ 3 is an independent predictive factor for PFI at 6 months in the chemotherapy group (OR = 2.77, 95% CI 1.38–5.56, p = 0.004), not in bevacizumab treated patients. After having adjusted for ECOG performance status, histology, ascites, bevacizumab treatment at second line and BRCA status, NLR ≥ 3 and SII ≥ 730 are significantly associated with worse OS in platinum-sensitive (HR = 2.69, 95% CI 1.60–4.53, p = 0.002; HR = 2.11, 95% CI 1.29–3.43, p = 0.003, respectively), not in platinum-resistant EOC patients. Low NLR is an independent predictive factor for platinum-sensitivity in patients treated without bevacizumab. NLR and SII are prognostic factors in recurrent platinum-sensitive EOC patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number18190
JournalScientific Reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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