BACKGROUND: The variability in progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) among patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) makes it difficult to reliably predict outcomes. A predictive biomarker of bevacizumab efficacy as first-line therapy in EOC is still lacking.
OBJECTIVE: The MITO group conducted a multicenter, retrospective study (MITO 24) to investigate the role of inflammatory indexes as prognostic factors and predictors of treatment efficacy in FIGO stage III-IV EOC patients treated with first-line chemotherapy alone or in combination with bevacizumab.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Of the 375 patients recruited, 301 received chemotherapy alone and 74 received chemotherapy with bevacizumab. The pre-treatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and systemic immune inflammation index (SII) were evaluated to identify a potential correlation with PFS and OS in both the overall population and the two treatment arms.
RESULTS: In the overall population, the PFS and OS were significantly longer in patients with low inflammatory indexes (p < 0.0001). In multivariate analyses, the NLR was significantly associated with OS (p = 0.016), and the PLR was significantly associated with PFS (p = 0.024). Inflammatory indexes were significantly correlated with patient prognosis in the chemotherapy-alone group (p < 0.0001). Patients in the chemotherapy with bevacizumab group with a high NLR had a higher PFS and OS (p = 0.026 and p = 0.029, respectively) than those in the chemotherapy-alone group. Conversely, PFS and OS were significantly poorer in patients with a high SII (p = 0.024 and p = 0.017, respectively).
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that bevacizumab improves clinical outcome in patients with a high NLR but may be detrimental in those with a high SII.