Influence of a thread wire saw guide and spinal cord protector device in "en bloc" vertebrectomies

Alessandro Gasbarrini, Christiano Esteves Simoes, Luca Amendola, Stefano Bandiera, Giovanni Barbanti Bròdano, Michele Cappuccio, Stefano Boriani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to describe and compare the surgical outcomes between the use of a new auto static spinal cord and thread wire guiding device and the traditional scalpel technique for en bloc vertebrectomies using only the posterior approach. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: As en bloc vertebrectomy has become more accepted as the ideal treatment for selected cases of spine tumors, its high morbidity has to be kept in mind. Uneven cutting surfaces and high risk of spinal cord lesions are among the problems. Although some modifications of the technique and development of new devices to minimize the risks have been reported, there are still some pitfalls associated with them. METHODS: Twenty-five patients, divided into 2 groups, were retrospectively reviewed. Patients in group 1 (G1) were operated using the device, and the patients in group 2 (G2) underwent en bloc vertebrectomy by the traditional scalpel technique. The surgical time, amount of blood loss based on the total volume of blood transfusion during surgery, and the rate of complication were compared. RESULTS: No differences regarding sex, age, and preoperative status occurred. The mean operative time was 294 and 388 minutes and the mean volume of transfused blood was 37 and 53 mL/kg for G1 and G2, respectively. These differences were not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Patient selection and surgical experience are the best outcome predictors. However, methods to reduce the risks of neural lesions, surgical time, and blood loss should always be applied, specially dealing with highly morbid and demanding procedures in the spine.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012

Keywords

  • complication
  • en bloc resection
  • morbidity
  • spine tumors
  • vertebrectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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