This study aims at detecting and evaluating differences in quantitative response to controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) with high doses of gonadotropins in women with low serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH). About 369 first cycles in a real-life scenario in women between 21 and 43 years old and with AMH ≤0.9 ng/ml were analyzed. Older women had a significantly worse outcome with respect to young women, not only qualitatively, but also in terms of quantitative ovarian response to COS [odd ratio (OR) to obtain at least three MII oocytes with each increasing year of female age: 0.89, 95% CI: 0.85 − 0.94; p <.001]. This study endorses that age is a significant factor when counseling patients with low AMH. AMH levels per se are not a reason to exclude patients from a COS treatment, since pregnancy and live birth can be achieved, especially in younger patients. However, with an AMH equally low, the ovarian response worsens with age, making questionable the effectiveness of a stimulation with high-dose gonadotropins in the older subgroup.
- AntiMullerian hormone (AMH)
- controlled ovarian stimulation
- ovarian reserve
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology