Influence of cardiac stress protocol on myocardial perfusion imaging accuracy: The role of exercise level on the evaluation of ischemic burden

Alessia Gimelli, Riccardo Liga, Emilio Maria Pasanisi, Mirta Casagranda, Michele Coceani, Paolo Marzullo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Some specifics of cardiac stress protocols, i.e., stressor used or exercise level achieved, may impact myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) accuracy.

Methods: Four-hundred and seventy-five patients were submitted to MPI and coronary angiography. MPI was performed after exercise (303 patients) or dipyridamole stress (172 patients). A coronary stenosis ≥70% was considered significant. In case of exercise test, a peak heart rate (HR) 75% and

Results: At coronary angiography, 312/475 (66%) patients showed significant stenosis. In the overall population, MPI showed a high accuracy in unmasking significant coronary stenosis, independently of the stress protocol adopted (AUC .76 for exercise vs .78 for vasodilator; P = NS). However, in case of an exercise stress test, a significant interaction between peak %HR and MPI diagnostic power was evident. While an elevated accuracy was still maintained in “Group 1” patients (AUC .79; P vs maximal exercise = NS), a significant drop was demonstrated in “Group 2” patients (AUC .66; P vs maximal exercise = .012, and P vs “Group 1” = .042).

Conclusions: The accuracy of MPI is not influenced by the stress protocol adopted. Exercise MPI maintains an elevated accuracy as long as the %HR remains >75%.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Nuclear Cardiology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Mar 27 2015

Keywords

  • CZT
  • exercise stress test
  • ischemic heart disease
  • Myocardial perfusion imaging
  • pharmacological stress test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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