Background: Some specifics of cardiac stress protocols, i.e., stressor used or exercise level achieved, may impact myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) accuracy.
Methods: Four-hundred and seventy-five patients were submitted to MPI and coronary angiography. MPI was performed after exercise (303 patients) or dipyridamole stress (172 patients). A coronary stenosis ≥70% was considered significant. In case of exercise test, a peak heart rate (HR) 75% and
Results: At coronary angiography, 312/475 (66%) patients showed significant stenosis. In the overall population, MPI showed a high accuracy in unmasking significant coronary stenosis, independently of the stress protocol adopted (AUC .76 for exercise vs .78 for vasodilator; P = NS). However, in case of an exercise stress test, a significant interaction between peak %HR and MPI diagnostic power was evident. While an elevated accuracy was still maintained in “Group 1” patients (AUC .79; P vs maximal exercise = NS), a significant drop was demonstrated in “Group 2” patients (AUC .66; P vs maximal exercise = .012, and P vs “Group 1” = .042).
Conclusions: The accuracy of MPI is not influenced by the stress protocol adopted. Exercise MPI maintains an elevated accuracy as long as the %HR remains >75%.
- exercise stress test
- ischemic heart disease
- Myocardial perfusion imaging
- pharmacological stress test
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging