Influence of cell culture conditions on the protective effect of antioxidants against β-amyloid toxicity: Studies with lazaroids

Elisa Lucca, Nadia Angeretti, Gianluigi Forloni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The mechanisms of cell death of rat cortical neurons chronically exposed to the β-amyloid (βA) biologically active fragment β-(25-35) involve oxidative stress. We examined the influence of culture conditions on the neuroprotective activity of antioxidants against β-(25-35) toxicity. Common radical scavengers such as N-acetylcysteine (250 μM) and N-t-butyl- phenylnitrone (500 μM) only protected cortical cells cultured in the presence of fetal calf serum (FCS) from βA insult. The neuroprotective effect of lazaroids (U74389G and U83836E), 21-aminosteroids with antioxidant activity, was tested in cells grown with or without FCS. U74389G did not interfere with β-(25-35) toxicity in either condition, while U83836E at a very low concentration (15 nM) protected cortical cells exposed to the β peptide only when the neurons were cultured in the presence of FCS. These data show that a lazaroid can prevent β-(25-35) toxicity and that the antioxidants exerted their protective effect in certain conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-298
Number of pages6
JournalBrain Research
Volume764
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 1997

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Keywords

  • β-Amyloid
  • Cortical cell
  • Lazaroid
  • Oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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