Influence of dialysis techniques and alternate vitamin supplementation on homocysteine levels in patients with known MTHFR genotypes

Mariarita Dessì, Gianna Di Giovamberardino, Massimo Pieri, Annalisa Noce, Rossella Zenobi, Nicola Di Daniele, Anna Pastore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Treatment with folic acid and vitamin B12 appears capable of reducing total plasma homocysteine levels (tHcy), but it is unknown whether vitamin B12 alone reduces tHcy values. In this study we investigate the effects of alternate vitamins supplementation on homocysteine levels in patients treated by diffusive and convective dialysis techniques. Methods: 74 patients were randomized blindly into two groups of 37 subjects each. The first group was treated initially with vitamin B12 for 2 months and with folic acid for the following 2 months. The second group was treated initially with folic acid. A wash out period of 2 months followed the treatment in both groups. Results: Total homocysteine levels decreased in both groups following the alternate vitamins therapy and dialysis, without significant difference between diffusive and convective techniques. Surprisingly, after the wash-out period, tHcy increased remarkably, regardless of the dialysis procedure used. At the end of the study, folate levels showed a higher reduction with haemodialysis compared to haemodiafiltration. In contrast, vitamin B12 levels showed a significant increase using diffusive haemodialysis, confirming a decisive role of membrane performance. Conclusions: In conclusion we show for the first time that, even if total homocysteine levels decreased in both dialysis procedures, the convective techniques demonstrate a superior capacity on the reduction of tHcy levels compared to the diffusive method. Moreover, the lower depletion of vitamin B12 by diffusive techniques could determine a higher reduction of folate levels, demonstrating the decisive role of the membrane performance in the treatment of this patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-145
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Experimental Nephrology
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2015

Keywords

  • Dialysis
  • Folic acid
  • Homocysteine
  • Micronutrients loss
  • MTHFR genotype
  • Vitamin B

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Medicine(all)

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