Influence of different types of post-discharge feeding on somatic growth, cognitive development and their correlation in very low birthweight preterm infants

Antonio Marini, C. Vegni, S. Gangi, V. Benedetti, M. Agosti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The influence of appropriate post-discharge nutrition on somatic growth and cognitive development of very low-birthweight infants in the first year of life is currently a major topic in infant nutrition. Appropriate intakes of proteins, iodine and the addition of LC-PUFAs (arachidonic acid (AA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)) in the "right" quantities improve cognitive development and are conducive to a good correlation between somatic growth and neurodevelopment. Conclusion: When mother' milk is not available post-discharge, in addition to more proteins and minerals, formula for low-birthweight infants should contain AA and DHA, since the endogenous production of these important compounds from the precursors can be reduced in the first months of life, chiefly in the very low-birthweight infants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-33
Number of pages16
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics, Supplement
Volume91
Issue number441
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2003

Keywords

  • Cognitive development
  • Iodine
  • LC-pufa
  • Post-discharge nutrition
  • Preterm infants
  • Protein
  • Somatic growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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