Influence of ex vivo perfusion on the biomolecular profile of rat lungs

Caterina Lonati, Giulia A. Bassani, Daniela Brambilla, Patrizia Leonardi, Andrea Carlin, Alice Faversani, Stefano Gatti, Franco Valenza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Despite increasing clinical adoption, biologic influences of ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) remain insufficiently elucidated. The aim of the current study was to investigate biomolecular changes induced by EVLP in rat lungs. EVLP was maintained for 180 min. Hyaluronan, mediators, and cells were assessed in the perfusate. Gene expression, signaling pathways, and ATP content were investigated in lung tissue. EVLP induced the release of medium-high molecular weight hyaluronan and transcription of hyaluronan synthases (P < 0.001). Increasing concentrations of inflammatory mediators were detected in the perfusate (P < 0.001). Perfused lungs exhibited a distinctive transcriptional signature compared with organs examined before or after surgery/procurement (P = 0.003). Up-regulated genes were involved in inflammation and its regulation, apoptosis/survival, heat shock, and oxidative stress response (q = 0). Down-regulated genes were related to lymphocyte function (q = 0). The NF-kB, signal transducer and activator of transcription 3, ERK1/2, p38, Akt, and stress-activated protein kinase/JNK signaling pathways were modulated by EVLP (P < 0.05). Most of these biomolecular changes were examined and confirmed in additional experiments that were performed in lungs procured from donation after cardiocirculatory death after 180 min of warm ischemia. The current study demonstrates that EVLP broadly affects the lung biomolecular phenotype. These findings improve our comprehension of the effects exerted by the procedure and encourage additional research in preclinical models to implement therapeutic interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5532-5549
Number of pages18
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume32
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2018

Keywords

  • DCD
  • Hyaluronan
  • Ischemic preconditioning
  • Lung gene expression
  • Rat model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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