Influence of exercise and CO2 on breathing pattern in patients with chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD)

G. Scano, F. Gigliotti, A. Van Meerhaeghe, A. De Coster, R. Sergysels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In ten eucapnic patients with chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD) we evaluated the breathing patterns during induced progressive hypercapnia (CO2 rebreathing) and progressive exercise on an ergometric bicycle (30 W/3 min). The time and volume components of the respiratory cycle were measured breath by breath. When compared to hypercapnia, the increase in ventilation (V̇E) during exercise was associated with a smaller increase in tidal volume (VT) and a greater increase in respiratory frequency (fR). Plots of tidal volume (VT) against both inspiratory time (TI) and expiratory time (TE) showed a greater decrease in both TI and TE during exercise than with hypercapnia. Analysis of V̇E in terms of flow (VT/TI) and timing (TI/TT) showed V̇E to increase by a similar increase to that in VT/TI during both exercise and hypercapnia, while TI/TT did not change significantly. When the patients were matched for a given VE (28 l·min-1), exercise induced a smaller increase in VT (p <0.05), a greater increase in fR (p <0.025); TI (p <0.025) and TE (p <0.01) were found to be smaller during exercise than hypercapnia. The change in the off-switch mechanism during exercise and hypercapnia could account for our results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-144
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume1
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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