Influence of food groups and food diversity on breast cancer risk in Italy.

S. Franceschi, A. Favero, C. La Vecchia, E. Negri, L. Dal Maso, S. Salvini, A. Decarli, A. Giacosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

147 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although debate on breast cancer and diet has been concentrated on nutrients, assessment of the role of specific foods and food groups and variety of food intake retains a considerable importance. To further elucidate the role of dietary habits, 2,569 women with incident breast cancer (median age 55 years) and 2,588 control women (median age 56 years), hospitalised with acute non-neoplastic diseases, were interviewed between 1991 and 1994 in 6 different Italian areas. The validated food frequency questionnaire included 79 food items and recipes, which were grouped into 18 food groups (5 for "diversity" analyses purpose). After allowance for non-dietary confounding factors and total energy intake, significant trends of increasing breast cancer risk with increasing intake emerged for the following food groups: bread and cereal dishes, pork and processed meats, and sugar and candies. Conversely, high intake of milk, poultry, fish, raw vegetables, potatoes and coffee and tea seemed to exert a protection against the development of breast cancer. Intake of soups, eggs, other meats, cheese, cooked vegetables, citrus fruits, other fruits and cake and desserts were not significantly related to breast cancer risk. The variety of vegetable types consumed weekly seemed to have a beneficial effect beyond the advantage of high vegetable intake per se.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)785-789
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume63
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 11 1995

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Italy
Breast Neoplasms
Food
Vegetables
Meat
Candy
Citrus
Bread
Coffee
Cheese
Feeding Behavior
Tea
Poultry
Solanum tuberosum
Energy Intake
Eggs
Fruit
Fishes
Milk
Eating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

Franceschi, S., Favero, A., La Vecchia, C., Negri, E., Dal Maso, L., Salvini, S., ... Giacosa, A. (1995). Influence of food groups and food diversity on breast cancer risk in Italy. International Journal of Cancer, 63(6), 785-789.

Influence of food groups and food diversity on breast cancer risk in Italy. / Franceschi, S.; Favero, A.; La Vecchia, C.; Negri, E.; Dal Maso, L.; Salvini, S.; Decarli, A.; Giacosa, A.

In: International Journal of Cancer, Vol. 63, No. 6, 11.12.1995, p. 785-789.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Franceschi, S, Favero, A, La Vecchia, C, Negri, E, Dal Maso, L, Salvini, S, Decarli, A & Giacosa, A 1995, 'Influence of food groups and food diversity on breast cancer risk in Italy.', International Journal of Cancer, vol. 63, no. 6, pp. 785-789.
Franceschi S, Favero A, La Vecchia C, Negri E, Dal Maso L, Salvini S et al. Influence of food groups and food diversity on breast cancer risk in Italy. International Journal of Cancer. 1995 Dec 11;63(6):785-789.
Franceschi, S. ; Favero, A. ; La Vecchia, C. ; Negri, E. ; Dal Maso, L. ; Salvini, S. ; Decarli, A. ; Giacosa, A. / Influence of food groups and food diversity on breast cancer risk in Italy. In: International Journal of Cancer. 1995 ; Vol. 63, No. 6. pp. 785-789.
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