Background: The independent role of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 3 in liver transaminase elevation following highly active antiretroviral regimens is still controversial. Methods: Analysis of data from a cohort of 492 HIV/HCV-coinfected patients was conducted using an intention-to-treat approach. Incidence of grade ≥III liver transaminase elevation was estimated per 100 patient-years of follow-up. Univariate and multiple proportional hazards regression analysis of factors that may predict liver enzyme elevation was performed. Results: The incidence of grade ≥III hepatotoxicity was 25 per 100 patient-years among patients coinfected with HCV genotype 3 and 11 per 100 patient-years among those with other genotypes. On multiple proportional hazard regression analysis, time-to-grade ≥III liver enzyme elevation was directly correlated with HCV genotype 3 (hazards ratio [HR]: 2.0, 95% CI: 1.3 to 2.9; P = 0.001), male gender (HR: 2.7; 95% CI: 1.3 to 5.7; P = 0.007), chronic hepatitis B virus infection (HR: 2.9, 95% CI: 1.5 to 5.9; P = 0.002), and alanine aminotransferase level at baseline (per 10 IU/L HR: 1.10; 95% CI: 1.06 to 1.15; P <0.001). In the same model, higher CD4 + T-cell counts at baseline were inversely correlated with risk of hepatotoxicity (HR: 0.998; 95% CI: 0.997 to 0.999; P = 0.036). Moreover, among patients experienced to antiretroviral drugs, previous grade ≥III hepatotoxicity (HR: 2.8; 95% CI: 1.8 to 4.3; P <0.001) was an adjunctive independent risk factor. Conclusions: HIV-positive patients coinfected with HCV genotype 3 displayed a higher risk of relevant hepatotoxicity, independently from other clinical variables. The impact of HCV genotype outweighed the role of drugs in determining hepatotoxicity.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2006|
- Hepatitis C virus
- Hepatitis C virus genotypes
- Highly active antiretroviral therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas