Influence of hyperglycaemia on infarct size and clinical outcome of acute ischemic stroke patients with intracranial arterial occlusion

Danilo Toni, Manuela De Michele, Marco Fiorelli, Stefano Bastianello, Massimo Camerlingo, Maria Luisa Sacchetti, Corrado Argentino, Cesare Fieschi

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We investigated the effects of hyperglycaemia on infarct size of 82 acute ischaemic stroke patients with angiographically diagnosed intracranial occlusion in middle cerebral artery territory. There were 9 diabetics, 40 non-diabetic hyperglycaemics and 33 non-diabetic normoglycaemics (mean age 67 ± 8 SD years, male/female ratio 1:1). For each patient the infarct at CT was compared to that predicted from the location of the arterial occlusion. The extent of the infarct was then classified as equal to, smaller than and larger than estimated, taking a standard anatomical template of arterial territories as reference. The results were analysed separately according to the presence or absence of a collateral blood supply (CBS) at angiography. The clinical outcome at 30 days was also evaluated. The 35 patients lacking CBS had a high frequency of equal to estimated lesions (75%), without substantial differences among the three subgroups (72% of hyperglycaemics, 82% of normoglycaemics and 67% of diabetics; Fisher's exact test not significant for any of the pairwise comparisons). On the contrary, the 47 patients with CBS exhibited an overall predominance of smaller than estimated lesions (66%) but with a very uneven distribution among hyperglycaemics, normoglycaemics and diabetics (82%, 64% and 0%, respectively; p <0.05 at Fisher's exact test for diabetics vs hyperglycaemics). Finally, the clinical outcome was bad (death and neurological impairment) in 89% of diabetics, 72% of hyperglycaemics and 54% of normoglycaemics (p <0.05). These results suggest that in patients with intracranial arterial occlusion associated with CBS the effects of hyperglycaemia might be beneficial in non-diabetics and harmful in diabetics. On the other hand, in absence of CBS high serum glucose levels does not seem to influence the size of cerebral infarcts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-133
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Neurological Sciences
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1994


  • Acute ischemic stroke
  • Angiography
  • Clinical outcome
  • Diabetes
  • Hyperglycaemia
  • Infarct size

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Neurology


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