Influence of Implant/Abutment Connection On Stress Distribution to Implant-Surrounding Bone: A Finite Element Analysis

Marcia Hanaoka, Sergio Alexandre Gehrke, Fabio Mardegan, César Roberto Gennari, Silvio Taschieri, Massimo Del Fabbro, Stefano Corbella

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Purpose: The objective of this study was to analyze and compare the stress distribution in the cortical and trabecular bone between the internal hexagon and the Morse taper systems, both with straight abutments./Materials and Methods: Two implant systems (Morse taper and internal hexagon connections) were simulated in maxillary bone. Loads of 100N (axial) and 50 N (oblique) in relation to the implant axes were applied. The 3D finite element method was used to simulate and analyze the present study. The analyzed parameters were ultimate tensile strength and Von Mises stress./Results: Both systems presented stresses below the bone tissue physiological limit as well as a similar distribution in quantitative values, with a higher concentration of tension in the cortical surface near the neck of the implant in the two conditions of applied loads, with higher values for the internal hexagon system. When the groups were evaluated individually, the internal hexagon system showed higher compressive stresses, while in the Morse taper system, the highest values were traction. Conclusions: There was a difference in the stress location on the prosthetic components of the systems studied; however, it did not influence trabecular bone stress generation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationJournal of Prosthodontics on Dental Implants
Publisherwiley
Pages205-214
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9781119115397, 9781119115366
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 4 2015

Keywords

  • Dental implant
  • Finite element analysis
  • Internal hexagon
  • Morse taper

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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