Influence of intermediate and uninterrupted FMR1 CGG expansions in premature ovarian failure manifestation

B. Bodega, S. Bione, L. Dalprà, D. Toniolo, F. Ornaghi, W. Vegetti, E. Ginelli, Anna Marozzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Studies attempting to precisely define the range of fragile mental retardation 1 (FMR1) expansions and its inf luence in premature ovarian failure (POF) manifestation are partially lacking. To this aim, we evaluated a large cohort of POF patients for the size and, in selected cases, for the sequence of the CGG expansion. Furthermore, the correlation between POF and X-inactivation was investigated in FRAXA families. Methods: By fluorescent PCR, 190 POF and 200 control women were sized for the CGG tract; some subjects were also characterized by sequencing and for the FMR1 activation ratio. Results and Conclusion: We found as ignificant association (19/190, 10%, P <1 × 10-6) between POF and FMR1 premutation (range 63-163 repeats) and a significant enrichment (9/190, 4.7%, P = 0.021) of POF carriers of intermediate expansions (range 41-58 repeats). Interestingly, intermediate alleles were entirely composed of CGG repeats. Furthermore, the analysis of three pairs of siblings with similar FMR1 expansions and discordant for the POF phenotype showed a direct correlation between the expression of the intermediate/premutated allele and POF manifestation. The results obtained strengthen the correlation between FMR1 expansion and POF and suggest that the manifestation of the ovarian dysfunction could be influenced both by the pattern of interruption of the CGG repeat and by X-inactivation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)952-957
Number of pages6
JournalHuman Reproduction
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2006


  • AGG interruption
  • CGG length
  • FMR1 expansion
  • POF
  • X-inactivation pattern

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Reproductive Medicine


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