Influence of low density lipoprotein from insulin-dependent diabetic patients on platelet functions

R. A. Rabini, R. Staffolani, D. Martarelli, P. Fumelli, F. Ravaglia, N. Dousset, G. Curatola, L. Mazzanti

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Abstract

In the present work we studied in vitro the action of low density lipoproteins (LDL) isolated from normolipemic insulin-dependent diabetic (IDDM) patients on transmembrane cation transport, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity, and aggregating response to stimuli of platelets from healthy subjects to elucidate whether the modified interaction between circulating lipoproteins and cells might be one of the pathogenetic mechanisms of the increased platelet activation in IDDM. LDL were obtained by discontinuous gradient ultracentrifugation from 15 IDDM out-patients and 15 sex- and age-matched healthy subjects and used for incubation experiments with control platelets. Lipid composition and hydroperoxide concentrations were studied in LDL. Platelet aggregation responses to ADP, NOS activity, cytosolic Ca2+ concentrations, and platelet membrane Na+/K+-adenosine triphosphatase (Na+/K+-ATPase) and Ca2+-ATPase activities were measured after incubation. IDDM LDL showed an increased lysophosphatidylcholine content compared with that of control LDL. IDDM LDL significantly increased the platelet aggregating response to ADP, cytosolic Ca2+ concentrations, and plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPase activity and significantly reduced NOS activity and platelet membrane Na+/K+-ATPase activity compared with those of platelets incubated in buffer or cells incubated with control LDL. The effects exerted by IDDM LDL on platelet suspensions from healthy subjects mimic the alterations observed in platelets from diabetic subjects in basal conditions Both the decreased activity of NOS and the higher cytoplasmic concentrations of Ca(2+) might cause increased platelet activation, as observed in IDDM. In conclusion, the present study suggests a new mechanism with a potential role in the early development of atherosclerosis in diabetic patients, i.e. an altered interaction between circulating lipoproteins and platelets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3770-3774
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume84
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Rabini, R. A., Staffolani, R., Martarelli, D., Fumelli, P., Ravaglia, F., Dousset, N., Curatola, G., & Mazzanti, L. (1999). Influence of low density lipoprotein from insulin-dependent diabetic patients on platelet functions. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 84(10), 3770-3774.