Influence of monoamine oxidase A and serotonin receptor 2A polymorphisms in SSRI antidepressant activity

Cristina Cusin, Alessandro Serretti, Raffaella Zanardi, Enrico Lattuada, David Rossini, Roberta Lilli, Cristina Lorenzi, Enrico Smeraldi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to test a possible effect of the monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) and serotonin receptor 2A (5-HT-2A) gene variants on the antidepressant activity of fluvoxamine and paroxetine in a sample of major (n = 248) and bipolar (n = 195) depressives, with or without psychotic features. A total of 443 in patients were treated with 300 mg fluvoxamine (n = 307) or 20-40 mg paroxetine (n = 136) for 6 wk. The severity of depressive symptoms was assessed weekly with the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD). Allele variants were determined in each subject using a PCR-based technique. We observed a marginal association between 5-HT-2A variants and antidepressant response while MAOA genotypes were not associated. Possible stratification factors, such as sex, diagnosis, presence of psychotic features, HAMD scores at baseline, pindolol augmentation and SSRIs plasma levels did not significantly influence the observed results. The investigated MAOA and 5-HT-2A gene variants, therefore, do not seem to play a major role in SSRI antidepressant activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-35
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Antidepressant treatment
  • Fluvoxamine
  • Mood disorders
  • Paroxetine
  • Pharmacogenetics
  • Pindolol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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