Influence of teeth anatomical characteristics on the efficacy of manual toothbrushing manoeuvres

Stefano Corbella, Fausto Tramontano, Beatrice Zotti, Martina Muzzarelli, Alice Alberti, Luca Francetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate the efficacy of two toothbrushing techniques on the amount of plaque accumulation and to evaluate how the changes were correlated to the anatomical characteristics of the anterior maxillary arch. Methods: Thirty subjects of both genders were included, they were asked not to brush for 12 h. Afterwards, they were asked to manually brush the left side of their maxillary arch with the modified Bass technique and the right side adopting the roll technique. The comparison of photographs taken before and after the manoeuvres, using a plaque disclosing agent, allowed the researchers to measure the changes in plaque accumulation measured using the Quigley and Hein plaque scoring classification. Linear regression analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between such changes and the teeth and arch anatomical characteristics. Results: A mean reduction of 9.6 ± 5.2% considering both arches after brushing was observed. The changes in plaque accumulation were not different between the two techniques. The length of the line obtained joining the contact point between the central incisors and the contact point between the second premolar and the first molar on the left side and the distance between that line and the lateral incisor on the same side positively correlated to the decrease in the plaque scores (P = 0.046 and P = 0.044, respectively). Conclusion: Both tested techniques were effective in plaque removal in the anterior maxillary arches. However, the research for the anatomical factors influencing the amount of efficacy of the toothbrushing manoeuvres was inconclusive. We can hypothesise that the adoption of one adequate technique could be more important than the teeth characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-342
Number of pages6
JournalSaudi Dental Journal
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020


  • Dental plaque
  • Oral hygiene
  • Tooth anatomy
  • Toothbrushing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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