Influence of Thoracic Endovascular Repair on Aortic Morphology in Patients Treated for Blunt Traumatic Aortic Injuries: Long Term Outcomes in a Multicentre Study

BTAI Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate aortic remodelling and associated complications in patients treated by thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) for blunt traumatic aortic injuries (BTAI). Methods: This was a retrospective, observational, multicentre study. Remodelling was considered as aortic diameter variations of >2 mm and distal graft and aortic axis angle modification measured by computed tomography angiography (CTA). The predefined levels of measurement were the proximal end of the graft (D1: landing in zone [LZ] 2; D2: LZ 3); distal end (D3); and control measurement (D4) 15 mm beyond D3. Survival, procedure, graft, and/or radiation exposure related complications were registered. CTA was required within three months and at one, six, and 10 years post-operatively. Results: Between 2004 and 2017 52 patients were treated; 47 were included for remodelling analysis (five immediate deaths were excluded); median age was 47 years (range 20–80 years). Mean TEVAR oversizing was 19.6% ± 9.7% (range 5%–35%). Following a median follow up of 67.4 ± 56.1 months (range 14–153 months) survival at one, three, six, and 10 years was 90.4% (standard error [SE] 4.1%), 88.3% (SE 4.5%) 84.8% (SE 5.5%), and 84.8% (SE 5.5%), respectively. There were no procedure/graft related complications except for one late intramural haematoma that required re-intervention. Freedom from aortic remodelling at one, six, and 10 years was 85.1% (SE 5.2%), 30.9% (SE 8.6%), and 24.7% (SE 8.8%), respectively. The increase in D1/D2 and D3 diameters were influenced by time from intervention (both p <.001), age (p <.001 and p =.002, respectively) and sealing in zone 2 (p =.027 and p =.042, respectively). For every 10% increase in oversizing, proximal neck diameter remodelling was 3.4% (p =.05). The distal axis decreased over time (p <.001; significant between three and six years). Conclusion: TEVAR is safe for BTAI in the mid to long term. This study reports a correlation between time, oversizing, and remodelling, but the level of adverse events was low.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Blunt injury
  • Endovascular technique
  • Thoracic aorta

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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