The effect of trapidil (RocornalR) and its derivatives AR 12456 and AR 12463 on endogenous cholesterol synthesis and on cholesterol esterification rate was studied in human skin fibroblasts (HSF), in human hepatoma cell line Hep G2 and in primary culture of peritoneal macrophages from mouse (PMM). The cholesterol esterification rate was not influenced by the drugs in the tested cell lines. The incorporation of [14C]acetate into cholesterol in HSF was inhibited by AR 12463 and AR 12456, but not by trapidil. The inhibitory potency of AR 12456 in HSF was enhanced after preincubation of the drug with Hep G2 and removal of the medium to HSF, suggesting that the formed metabolite(s) are more potent inhibitors than the parent substance. The metabolite(s) formed seem(s) to influence the first steps in the endogenous formation of cholesterol, because the incorporation of [14C]mevalonate into cholesterol was not significantly inhibited. These findings suggest that the demonstrated inhibition of the endogenous cholesterol synthesis by AR 12456, especially after transformation into a probably more active substance(s), together with the recently described enhanced expression of LDL receptors in Hep G2 cells may partially explain the hypocholesterolaemic activity of AR 12456.
- acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase
- human hepatoma cell line Hep G2
- human skin fibroblasts
- trapidil derivatives
ASJC Scopus subject areas