Influences of thyroid diseases in diabetic pregnant women

Ferruccio Santini, Luca Chiovato, Roberto Rocchi, Michele Marinò, Aldo Pinchera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Thyroid disorders are particularly frequent in women and, second to diabetes mellitus, are the most common endocrine diseases during pregnancy. An association between insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and thyroid autoimmunity has long been recognized. Management of thyroid diseases in pregnancy is different than in non pregnant women, due to physiological changes of thyroid hormone economy in the childbearing period. Thyroid dysfunction may affect carbohydrate metabolism and worsen glucose control in diabetic patients. On the other hand, poorly compensated diabetes mellitus may cause alteration in the production and metabolism of thyroid hormones. Pregnant women with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus have an increased risk of developing post partum thyroiditis. These observations have lead to the recommendation that thyroid function should be checked in diabetic women during pregnancy and in the post partum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-445
Number of pages5
JournalAnnali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1997


  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Euthyroid sick-syndrome
  • Post partum thyroiditis
  • Thyroid disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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