Infrared oculography - Validation of a new method to monitor startle eyeblink amplitudes during fMRI

Silke Anders, Nikolaus Weiskopf, Dorothee Lule, Niels Birbaumer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Amplitude modulation of the eyeblink component of the startle response is a commonly used index for the emotional state of an organism. The use of electromyography (EMG) to determine startle eyeblink amplitudes during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is limited as interactions between strong switching magnetic fields, radio pulses and electrodes introduce large artefacts in EMG recordings. We demonstrate a robust linear correlation between time courses and amplitudes of startle eyeblinks recorded by EMG and infrared oculography (IOG), an fMRI compatible technique based on infrared light reflection from the subject's eye. Moreover, our data indicate that IOG, like EMG, recordings of startle eyeblink amplitudes are predicted by verbal ratings of the emotional valence of pictorial foreground stimuli. Thus, IOG provides a valid method to record startle eyeblinks and might be used to monitor affective state during fMRI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)767-770
Number of pages4
JournalNeuroImage
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2004

Fingerprint

Electromyography
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Startle Reflex
Magnetic Fields
Radio
Artifacts
Electrodes
Light

Keywords

  • Affective state
  • fMRI
  • Infrared oculography
  • Startle eyeblink

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Neurology

Cite this

Infrared oculography - Validation of a new method to monitor startle eyeblink amplitudes during fMRI. / Anders, Silke; Weiskopf, Nikolaus; Lule, Dorothee; Birbaumer, Niels.

In: NeuroImage, Vol. 22, No. 2, 06.2004, p. 767-770.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Anders, Silke ; Weiskopf, Nikolaus ; Lule, Dorothee ; Birbaumer, Niels. / Infrared oculography - Validation of a new method to monitor startle eyeblink amplitudes during fMRI. In: NeuroImage. 2004 ; Vol. 22, No. 2. pp. 767-770.
@article{f03628d0b60348b4842e5766f8647b20,
title = "Infrared oculography - Validation of a new method to monitor startle eyeblink amplitudes during fMRI",
abstract = "Amplitude modulation of the eyeblink component of the startle response is a commonly used index for the emotional state of an organism. The use of electromyography (EMG) to determine startle eyeblink amplitudes during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is limited as interactions between strong switching magnetic fields, radio pulses and electrodes introduce large artefacts in EMG recordings. We demonstrate a robust linear correlation between time courses and amplitudes of startle eyeblinks recorded by EMG and infrared oculography (IOG), an fMRI compatible technique based on infrared light reflection from the subject's eye. Moreover, our data indicate that IOG, like EMG, recordings of startle eyeblink amplitudes are predicted by verbal ratings of the emotional valence of pictorial foreground stimuli. Thus, IOG provides a valid method to record startle eyeblinks and might be used to monitor affective state during fMRI.",
keywords = "Affective state, fMRI, Infrared oculography, Startle eyeblink",
author = "Silke Anders and Nikolaus Weiskopf and Dorothee Lule and Niels Birbaumer",
year = "2004",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.01.024",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "767--770",
journal = "NeuroImage",
issn = "1053-8119",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Infrared oculography - Validation of a new method to monitor startle eyeblink amplitudes during fMRI

AU - Anders, Silke

AU - Weiskopf, Nikolaus

AU - Lule, Dorothee

AU - Birbaumer, Niels

PY - 2004/6

Y1 - 2004/6

N2 - Amplitude modulation of the eyeblink component of the startle response is a commonly used index for the emotional state of an organism. The use of electromyography (EMG) to determine startle eyeblink amplitudes during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is limited as interactions between strong switching magnetic fields, radio pulses and electrodes introduce large artefacts in EMG recordings. We demonstrate a robust linear correlation between time courses and amplitudes of startle eyeblinks recorded by EMG and infrared oculography (IOG), an fMRI compatible technique based on infrared light reflection from the subject's eye. Moreover, our data indicate that IOG, like EMG, recordings of startle eyeblink amplitudes are predicted by verbal ratings of the emotional valence of pictorial foreground stimuli. Thus, IOG provides a valid method to record startle eyeblinks and might be used to monitor affective state during fMRI.

AB - Amplitude modulation of the eyeblink component of the startle response is a commonly used index for the emotional state of an organism. The use of electromyography (EMG) to determine startle eyeblink amplitudes during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is limited as interactions between strong switching magnetic fields, radio pulses and electrodes introduce large artefacts in EMG recordings. We demonstrate a robust linear correlation between time courses and amplitudes of startle eyeblinks recorded by EMG and infrared oculography (IOG), an fMRI compatible technique based on infrared light reflection from the subject's eye. Moreover, our data indicate that IOG, like EMG, recordings of startle eyeblink amplitudes are predicted by verbal ratings of the emotional valence of pictorial foreground stimuli. Thus, IOG provides a valid method to record startle eyeblinks and might be used to monitor affective state during fMRI.

KW - Affective state

KW - fMRI

KW - Infrared oculography

KW - Startle eyeblink

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=2942625600&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=2942625600&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.01.024

DO - 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.01.024

M3 - Article

C2 - 15193605

AN - SCOPUS:2942625600

VL - 22

SP - 767

EP - 770

JO - NeuroImage

JF - NeuroImage

SN - 1053-8119

IS - 2

ER -