The aim of the paper is to report the case of a boy affected by cystic fibrosis, with non-ABPA-related recurrent wheezing and frequent pulmonary exacerbation during childhood, who had been inhaling 7% NaCl+0.1% hyaluronic acid (HA) as a maintenance therapy. We reviewed patient database and, analysing a 7-year follow-up, considered pulmonary exacerbation, antibiotic and steroid courses, pulmonary function (forced expiratory volume in one second; FEV1) and microbiological data. After starting 7% NaCl+0.1% HA treatment, we observed a dramatic decrease of oral antibiotic need (0.55 courses/month during the pretreatment period against 0.10 courses/month in the treatment period), associated with a good initial recovery and a stability of FEV1. In our opinion this case could suggest an extended indication for inhaled 7% NaCl+0.1% HA use in CF, not only in patients who did not tolerate hypertonic saline, but also in patients with coexistent asthma-like symptoms.
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