T-lymphoma cells were fused with normal lymphoid cells to examine the segregation of tumorigenicity and metastatic capacity in the hybrids. In independent fusions the immunogenic ESb08 T-lymphoma line fused successfully with normal syngeneic spleen cells (from DBA/2 and CD1 mice) enriched either with T-cells or B-cells. Ten times fewer hybrids were obtained with B-cells compared to the number obtained with T-cells, and marker assays showed that both types of fusions preferentially generated T-T hybridomas. Some of the hybrids resembled their tumor parent in their ability to form primary and secondary tumors only in irradiated DBA/2 mice, whereas other hybrids lost the high ESb08 immunogenicity, were equally tumorigenic, and in some cases metastatic, in nonirradiated mice. DNA distributions of the original hybrid lines ranged from a hexaploid DNA content (expected for complete hybrids derived from a tetraploid line and normal diploid cells) to a tetraploid DNA content, confirming the reported chromosome instability of T-T hybrids. No correlation was noted between the initial DNA content and tumorigenicity, but in the case of complete hybrids, reduction in the ploidy levels always was observed in the cells of primary and metastatic lesions. One chromosomally stable and highly malignant hybrid (C2), which was analyzed for segregation of chromosomes and for drug-resistance markers, showed preferential loss of chromosomes from the normal T-cell fusion partner. The decreased immunogenicity of this hybrid could not be related to any detectable loss of chromosomes from the ESb08 tumor parent.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research