Inherited apolipoprotein A-V deficiency in severe hypertriglyceridemia

Claudio Priore Oliva, Livia Pisciotta, Giovanni Li Volti, Maria Paola Sambataro, Alfredo Cantafora, Antonella Bellocchio, Alberico Catapano, Patrizia Tarugi, Stefano Bertolini, Sebastiano Calandra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective - Mutations in LPL or APOC2 genes are recognized causes of inherited forms of severe hypertriglyceridemia. However, some hypertrigriceridemic patients do not have mutations in either of these genes. Because inactivation or hyperexpression of APOA5 gene, encoding apolipoprotein A-V (apoA-V), causes a marked increase or decrease of plasma triglycerides in mice, and because some common polymorphisms of this gene affect plasma triglycerides in humans, we have hypothesized that loss of function mutations in APOA5 gene might cause hypertriglyceridemia. Methods and Results - We sequenced APOA5 gene in 10 hypertriglyceridemic patients in whom mutations in LPL and APOC2 genes had been excluded. One of them was found to be homozygous for a mutation in APOA5 gene (c.433 C>T, Q145X), predicted to generate a truncated apoA-V devoid of key functional domains. The plasma of this patient was found to activate LPL in vitro less efficiently than control plasma, thus suggesting that apoA-V might be an activator of LPL. Ten carriers of Q145X mutation were found in the patient's family; 5 of them had mild hypertriglyceridemia. Conclusions - As predicted from animal studies, apoA-V deficiency is associated with severe hypertriglyceridemia in humans. This observation suggests that apoA-V regulates the secretion and/or catabolism of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-417
Number of pages7
JournalArteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2005

Keywords

  • APOA5 gene
  • Apolipoprotein A-V deficiency
  • Hyperchylomicronemia
  • Hypertriglyceridemia
  • Nonsense mutation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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  • Cite this

    Oliva, C. P., Pisciotta, L., Li Volti, G., Sambataro, M. P., Cantafora, A., Bellocchio, A., Catapano, A., Tarugi, P., Bertolini, S., & Calandra, S. (2005). Inherited apolipoprotein A-V deficiency in severe hypertriglyceridemia. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, 25(2), 411-417. https://doi.org/10.1161/01.ATV.0000153087.36428.dd