The action of ADA as an anti-thrombotic agent was studied in a model of coronary artery thrombosis and on platelet aggregation in the dog. AD6 (10 - 100 pM) in vitro inhibited aggregation induced by ADP, epinephrine, collagen and PAF (platelet aggregating factor) used at their threshold concentration for maximal aggregation. Arterial thrombosis was induced in a coronary vessel by critically reducing (about 70%) the vessel lumen. Thrombus formation was estimated by measuring coronary flow in the stenosed vessel. Using this procedure on the left descending coronary artery (LAD), we obtained reproducible blood flow changes in 18 dogs. AD6was given i.v. at three different doses. At 0.25 mg/kg two out of four dogs showed decreased thrombus formation at the stenosis site. Seven out of eleven dogs treated with 0.5 mg/kg and two out of three treated with 1.5 mg/kg showed decreased thrombus formation. Major decreases in coronary resistance, evaluated by measuring blood flow in the unstenosed left circumflex artery (LCX), were evident only after the highest dose. We conclude that AD6 has an inhibitory action on dog platelet aggregation and reduces thrombus formation in a stenosed coronary vessel.
- coronary artery stenosis
- Platelet aggregation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine