Nitric oxide (NO) is a versatile regulatory molecule that affects enzymatic activity through chemical modification of reactive amino acid residues (e.g., Cys and Tyr) and by binding to metal centers. In the present study, the inhibitory effect of the NO-donors S-nitroso-glutathione (GSNO), (±)E-4-ethyl-2-[E-hydroxyimino]-5-nitro-3-hexenamide (NOR-3), and S-nitroso-N-acetyl-penicillamine (SNAP) on the catalytic activity of Azotobacter vinelandii rhodanese (RhdA) has been investigated. GSNO, NOR-3, and SNAP inhibit RhdA sulfurtransferase activity in a concentration- and time-dependent fashion. The absorption spectrum of the NOR-3-treated RhdA displays a maximum at 335 nm, indicating NO-mediated S-nitrosylation. RhdA inhibition by NO-donors correlates with S-nitrosothiol formation. The reducing agent dithiothreitol prevents RhdA inhibition by NO-donors, fully restores the catalytic activity, and reverts the NOR-3-induced RhdA absorption spectrum to that of the active enzyme. These results indicate that RhdA inhibition occurs via NO-mediated S-nitrosylation of the unique Cys230 catalytic residue.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 11 2003|
- Enzyme inhibition
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology