Inhibition of c-myc expression induced by 4-hydroxynonenal, a product of lipid peroxidation, in the HL-60 human leukemic cell line

G. Barrera, R. Muraca, S. Pizzimenti, A. Serra, C. Rosso, G. Saglio, M. G. Farce, V. M. Fazio, M. U. Danzani

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4-Hydroxynonenal is a highly reactive aldehyde, produced by cellular lipid peroxidation, able to inhibit cell proliferation 'in vitro' and 'in vivo'. Its concentration in non proliferation cells ranges up to 1 μM, whereas in the highly undifferentiated tumour cells, it is very low or undetectable. We have now demonstrated that micromolar concentrations of 4-hydroxynonenal inhibit c-myc but not N-ras expression in HL-60 human leukemic cells. This inhibitory effect is observed after an incubation of 1 hour with both 1 and 10 μM aldehyde. Moreover, we report that down-regulation of c-myc expression increases when repeated additions of 1 μM 4-hydroxynonenal are performed, to maintain the cells in presence of aldehyde for 7.5 hours. These results indicate that not only the concentration but also the length of exposure to the aldehyde is important in determining the extent of the c-myc expression inhibition and suggest a role of lipid peroxidation products in the control of gene expressions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-561
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1994


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

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