Inhibition of motor cortex excitability with 15Hz transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS)

Soroush Zaghi, Larissa de Freitas Rezende, Laís Machado de Oliveira, Rasheda El-Nazer, Sanne Menning, Laura Tadini, Felipe Fregni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

There remains a lack of solid evidence showing whether transcranial stimulation with weak alternating current (transcranial alternating current stimulation, tACS) can in fact induce significant neurophysiological effects. Previously, a study in which tACS was applied for 2 and 5min with current density=0.16-0.25A/m2 was unable to show robust effects on cortical excitability. Here we applied tACS at a significantly higher current density (0.80A/m2) for a considerably longer duration (20min) and were indeed able to demonstrate measurable changes to cortical excitability. Our results show that active 15Hz tACS of the motor cortex (electrodes placed at C3 and C4) significantly diminished the amplitude of motor evoked potentials and decreased intracortical facilitation (ICF) as compared to baseline and sham stimulation. In addition, we show that our method of sham tACS is a reliable control condition. These results support the notion that AC stimulation with weak currents can induce significant changes in brain excitability; in this case, 15Hz tACS led to a pattern of inhibition of cortical excitability. We propose that tACS may have a dampening effect on cortical networks and perhaps interfere with the temporal and spatial summation of weak subthreshold electric potentials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-214
Number of pages4
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume479
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010

Keywords

  • Cortical excitability
  • Neuromodulation
  • Non-invasive brain stimulation
  • Safety
  • Transcranial alternating current stimulation
  • Transcranial electrical stimulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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    Zaghi, S., de Freitas Rezende, L., de Oliveira, L. M., El-Nazer, R., Menning, S., Tadini, L., & Fregni, F. (2010). Inhibition of motor cortex excitability with 15Hz transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS). Neuroscience Letters, 479(3), 211-214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2010.05.060