Inhibition of proliferation by c-myb antisense oligodeoxynucleotides in colon adenocarcinoma cell lines that express c-myb

Cecilia Melani, Licia Rivoltini, Giorgio Parmiani, Bruno Calabretta, Mario P. Colombo

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Steady-state mRNA levels of the protooncogene c-myb were measured by Northern blot analysis in the human colon carcinoma cell lines LoVo, the doxorubicin-resistant derivative LoVo/Dx, Colo 205, and HT 29. Overexpression of c-myb mRNA was detected in the Colo 205 cell line, probably because of gene amplification, while in human HT 29 cells c-myb was not expressed at a detectable level. Comparison between LoVo and LoVo/Dx cell lines showed that c-myb mRNA levels were much higher in the doxorubicin-resistant derivative than in the parental line, c-myb antisense oligodeoxynucleotides inhibited cell proliferation only in the cell lines with detectable mRNA c-myb (LoVo, LoVo/DX, and Colo 205). The dose of antisense exerting inhibitory effect was related to the levels of c-myb mRNA expression. Inhibition of c-myb expression in antisense-treated LoVo/DX cells was demonstrated by the reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction technique. LoVo/Dx cells were induced to differentiate by treatment with dimethylformamide to determine whether down-regulation of c-myb expression would accompany the process of differentiation. During the treatment with dimethylformamide the expression of c-myb decreased in parallel with the reduction of cell growth, while terminal differentiation of these cells was associated with changes in the expression of carcinoembryonic antigen and laminin receptor genes. Our findings demonstrate that the expression of c-myb is important for the proliferation of colon carcinoma cell lines and suggest that the role of this protooncogene is not restricted to cells of hematopoietic origin but is more general than previously thought.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2897-2901
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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