The purpose of this study was to investigate the antiangiogenic and in vivo properties of the recently identified phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt inhibitor Inositol(1,3,4,5,6) pentakisphospliate [Ins(1,3,4,5,6)P5]. Because activation of the PI3K/Akt pathway is a crucial step in some of the events leading to angiogenesis, the effect of Ins(1,3,4,5,6)P5 on basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2)-induced Akt phosphorylation, cell survival, motility, and tubulogenesis in vitro was tested in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). The effect of Ins(1,3,4,5,6)P5 on FGF-2-induced angiogenesis in vivo was evaluated using s.c. implanted Matrigel in mice. In addition, the effect of Ins(1,3,4,5,6)P5 on growth of ovarian carcinoma SKOV-3 xenograft was tested. Here, we show that FGF-2 induces Akt phosphorylation in HUVEC resulting in antiapoptolic effect in serum-deprived cells and increase in cellular motility. Ins(1,3,4,5,6)P5 blocks FGF-2-mediated Akt phosphorylation and inhibits both survival and migration in HUVEC. Moreover, Ins(1,3,4,5,6)P5 inhibits the FGF-2-mediated capillary tube formation of HUVEC plated on Matrigel and the FGF-2-induced angiogenic reaction in BALB/c mice. Finally, Ins(1,3,4,5,6)P5 blocks the s.c. growth of SKOV-3 xenografted in nude mice to the same extent than cisplatin and it completely inhibits Akt phosphorylation in vivo. These data definitively identify the Akt inhibitor Ins(1,3,4,5,6)P5 as a specific antiangiogenic and antitumor factor. Inappropriate activation of the PI3K/Akt pathway has been linked to the development of several diseases, including cancer, making this pathway an attractive target for therapeutic strategies. In this respect, Ins(1,3,4,5,6)P5, a water-soluble, natural compound with specific proapoptotic and antiangiogenic properties, might result in successful anticancer therapeutic strategies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research