Because of the importance of monocytes/macrophages (M/M) as an in vivo reservoir of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a study was done to investigate whether viral replication in chronically infected macrophages (HIV M/M) could be inhibited by various drugs, including U-75875, an inhibitor of HIV protease. HIV replication in M/M and in chronically infected T cells was dramatically decreased by U-75875, while other drugs, including zidovudine, interferon-α, and an antisense oligodeoxynucleotide against the rev gene, were effective antiviral agents only in de novo-infected cells. Virus titer in HIV M/M was reduced ~105-fold by nontoxic concentrations of U-75875, while no effect on HIV DNA or virus antigen expression on cell membrane was achieved in M/M infected either chronically or de novo. Thus, U- 75875 essentially worked against late stages of viral replication. These data support the use of protease inhibitors, alone or in combination, in the therapy of HIV-infected patients.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Infectious Diseases|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health