Inhibitor development in non-severe haemophilia across Europe

Kathelijn Fischer, Alfonso Iorio, Riitta Lassila, Flora Peyvandi, Gabriele Calizzani, Alex Gatt, Thierry Lambert, Jerzy Windyga, Estelle A. Gilman, Michael Makris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Evidence about inhibitor formation in non-severe haemophilia and the potential role for clotting factor concentrate type is scant. It was the aim of this study to report inhibitor development in non-severe haemophilia patients enrolled in the European Haemophilia Safety Surveillance (EUHASS) study. Inhibitors are reported quarterly and total treated patients annually. Incidence rates and 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CI) were calculated according to diagnosis and concentrate used. Between 1-10-2008 and 31-12-2012, 68 centres reported on 7,969 patients with non-severe haemophilia A and 1,863 patients with non-severe haemophilia B. For haemophilia A, 37 inhibitors occurred in 8,622 treatment years, resulting in an inhibitor rate of 0.43/100 treatment years (95 % CI 0.30-0.59). Inhibitors occurred at a median age of 35 years, after a median of 38 exposure days (EDs; P25-P75: 20-80); with 72 % occurring within the first 50 EDs. In haemophilia B, one inhibitor was detected in 2,149 treatment years, resulting in an inhibitor rate of 0.05/100 years (95% CI 0.001-0.26). This inhibitor developed at the age of six years, after six EDs. The rate of inhibitors appeared similar across recombinant and plasma derived factor VIII (FVIII) concentrates. Rates for individual concentrates could not be calculated at this stage due to low number of events. In conclusion, inhibitors in non-severe haemophilia occur three times more frequently than in previously treated patients with severe haemophilia at a rate of 0.43/100 patient years (haemophilia A) and 0.05/100 years (haemophilia B). Although the majority of inhibitors developed in the first 50 EDs, inhibitor development continued with increasing exposure to FVIII.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)670-675
Number of pages6
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume114
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2015

Keywords

  • Epidemiological studies
  • Factor concentrates
  • Factor VIII inhibitors
  • Haemophilia A / B
  • Haemophilia therapy
  • Non-severe haemophilia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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