Aims Initial combination therapy with ambrisentan and tadalafil (upfront therapy) offers clinical benefits in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and reduces the risk of clinical failure compared with monotherapy in naïve patients. The aim of study is to assess the efficacy of a 12-month upfront therapy with ambrisentan and tadalafil in improving haemodynamics in incident PAH patients. Methods This is a multicentre retrospective analysis of real-world Italian clinical data in 56 patients with newly diagnosed PAH. Clinical evaluations, including demographics, medical history, WHO functional class, 6-min walk distance, and right heart catheterization, were collected from the patients' medical records at baseline and at 12-month follow-up. Results At baseline, there were 16, 34, and 6 patients in WHO functional class II, III, and IV, respectively. Over a median follow-up of 12 months, 54 (96%) patients were still alive, 6 (11%) of whom received parenteral prostanoids. Ambrisentan-tadalafil combination was associated with significant improvements in WHO functional class (2.2±0.8 vs. 2.8±0.6, P<0.001, improved in 29 patients), exercise capacity (395±123 vs. 353±101m, P=0.039), N-terminal probrain natriuretic peptide (528±493 vs. 829±620pg/ml; P=0.009), and haemodynamics (right atrial pressure 7±4 vs. 9±5mmHg, P=0.02; mean pulmonary artery pressure 45±15 vs. 50±13mmHg, P=0.03; cardiac index 3.0±1.0 vs. 2.5±0.9l/min/m 2, P=0.001; pulmonary vascular resistance 8±4 vs. 11±6 Wood units, P=0.001) compared with baseline. Conclusions Initial combination therapy with ambrisentan and tadalafil offers clinical benefits and significant haemodynamic improvement in newly diagnosed PAH patients.
- pulmonary arterial hypertension
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine