Innovative silicate-based cements for endodontics: A study of osteoblast-like cell response

M. G. Gandolfi, S. Pagani, F. Perut, G. Ciapetti, N. Baldini, R. Mongiorgi, C. Prati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Silicate-based filling materials were designed to obtain new endodontic sealers and root-end filling materials with adequate workability and consistency. Four different formulations (TC, TC1 %, TCf 1%, and TCf) were prepared incorporating calcium chloride as accelerant agent. A plasticizing compound (phyllosilicate) was added to TC1% and TCf 1%. TC and TC1% were prepared with water, whereas TCf and TCf 1% were mixed with a latex polymer as fluidizing agent. The aim of this study was to assess the in vitro biological compatibility of designed materials. White-MTA and AH Plus were tested as reference materials. Human osteoblast-like Saos-2 cells were challenged in short-term cultures (72 h) with solid materials and with material extracts in culture medium, and cell viability and number, cellular adhesion, and morphology were assessed. The new cements exerted no acute toxicity in the assay systems. Saos-2 like cells adhered and proliferated on solid samples of the experimental cements and MTA whilst AH Plus did not allowed cell growth. The extracts from the latex-containing cements showed some toxicity. By SEM analysis, osteoblast-like cells appeared adherent and spread on the new materials, and showed the maintenance of polygonal osteoblastic phenotype. Similar morphology was observed for cells on MTA, whereas only few cells were noted on the AH Plus surface. In conclusion, the new materials proved non toxic and supported the growth of bone-like cells, and resulted suitable to be used as endodontic sealers and root-end filling materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)477-486
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2008


  • Biocompatibility
  • Calcium silicate cement
  • Crystals
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Endodontic cements
  • Osteoblast-like cells
  • Portland cement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Metals and Alloys


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