Insights on the structure-activity relationship of peptides derived from Sticholysin II

Aline Lima de Oliveira, Eduardo Maffud Cilli, Uris Ros, Edson Crusca, María Eliana Lanio, Carlos Alvarez, Shirley Schreier, Thelma Aguiar Pertinhez, Alberto Spisni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Sticholysin II (StII) is a pore-forming actinoporin from the sea anemone Stichodactyla helianthus. A mechanistic model of its action has been proposed: proteins bind to cell membrane, insert their N-termini into the lipid core and assemble into homo-tetramer pores responsible for host-cell death. Because very likely the first 10 residues of StII N-terminus are critical for membrane penetration, to dissect the molecular details of that functionality, we studied two synthetic peptides: StII1-30 and StII16-35. They show diverse haemolytic and candidacidal activity that correlate with distinct orientations in SDS micelles. NMR shows that StII1-30 partly inserts into the micelle, while StII16-35 lays on the micelle surface. These results justify the diverse concentration dependence of their candidacidal activity supposing a different mechanism of action and providing new hints on StII lytic activity at molecular level. Biotechnological application of these peptides, focused on the development of therapeutic immunocomplexes, may be envisaged.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBiopolymers
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Candidacidal activity
  • Hemolytic activity
  • NMR
  • Pore formation
  • Structure-activity relationship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • Organic Chemistry

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