Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Western countries, and hypertension-related cardiovascular events affect about 37 million people per year worldwide. In this perspective, treatment of hypertension is a reference illustrating strategies of cardiovascular prevention. Hypertensive patients are at increased risk of undergoing a cardiovascular event throughout their lives, and treatment of high blood pressure is one of the most effective strategies to reduce global cardiovascular risk. However, due to its multifactorial pathophysiology and frequent association with other important risk factors and clinical conditions such as dyslipidemia, diabetes, left ventricular dysfunction, and renal impairment, treatment of hypertension requires an integrated approach, including life-style measures, antihypertensive drugs and other therapies (statins, ASA, etc.). Nonetheless, worldwide, general practitioners continue to focus on managing a single risk factor, e.g. blood pressure, rather than on overall cardiovascular risk profiles. Another debated issue is whether it matters how blood pressure is lowered in hypertensive patients at high risk. In other words, are the latest antihypertensive drugs more effective than older blood pressure strategies in terms of reduction of cardiovascular events? The recent results of the ASCOT Study address these controversial issues and throw new light on the management of cardiovascular risk in hypertension.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Aging clinical and experimental research|
|Issue number||4 Suppl|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2005|
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