Objective - The transactivating factor (Tat) of HIV-1 binds to αvβ3 integrin present on endothelial cells contributing to neovascularization. Here, we investigated the biological consequences of Tat/αv/β3 interaction and the antagonist effect of an Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)-based peptidomimetic. Methods and Results - Binding of Tat to endothelial αvβ3 triggers focal adhesion kinase and nuclear factor-κB activation, leading to endothelial cell proliferation, membrane ruffling, and motility in vitro and neovascularization in vivo. The RGD-peptidomimetic SCH221153 inhibits Tat/αvβ3 interaction in a solid phase binding assay and endothelial cell adhesion to immobilized Tat with a potency higher than that of RGD-containing peptides. Accordingly, SCH221153 inhibits Tat/αvβ3-dependent focal adhesion kinase and nuclear factor-κB activation, proliferation, membrane ruffling, and motility in endothelial cells. Finally, SCH221153 inhibits the angiogenic response triggered by Tat in the chick-embryo chorioallantoic membrane without affecting physiological vascularization. SCH221153 exerts these inhibitory effects without affecting the interaction of Tat with endothelial heparan sulfate proteoglycans or with the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2/kinase domain-containing receptor. In all the assays the negative control SCH216687 was ineffective. Conclusion - These data provide new insights on the mechanism of endothelial cell activation by Tat and point to RGD peptidomimetics as prototypes for the development of novel Tat antagonists.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine