Integrin expression and IgA nephropathy: In vitro modulation by IgA with altered glycosylation and macromolecular IgA

L. Peruzzi, A. Amore, P. Cirina, L. Trusolino, G. Basso, E. Ricotti, S. N. Emancipator, P. C. Marchisio, R. Coppo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background. Signal transduction by mesangial cell (MC) integrins regulates cell growth and survival, extracellular matrix production, and organization. The aim of the study was to investigate human MC integrin modulation by differently glycosylated IgA and macromolecular IgA, which are thought to play a pathogenetic role in IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Methods. MCs were incubated with purified human polymeric IgA, heat-aggregated IgA, IgA glycoforms generated by enzymatic hydrolysis of saccharide residues and serum fractions from IgAN patients, and controls isolated by lectin affinity and containing IgA with peculiar glycan patterns. Integrins were quantitated by flow cytometry. Results. Cultured MCs highly expressed α(v)β3 and some α3β1; α(v)β3 was up-regulated by matrix components (P <0.02). In vitro desialylated and degalactosylated polymeric human IgA enhanced α(v)β3 expression on cultured MCs (P <0.001). Serum IgA glycoforms isolated from IgAN patients with high exposure of internal sugars, GalNAc, Neu5Ac2,6GalNAc, and Man enhanced α(v) expression on cultured MCs more than healthy controls. Conclusions. These data support the hypothesis that IgA glycation plays a role in modulating the cell-matrix interaction, and that this mechanism can be operating in IgAN.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2331-2340
Number of pages10
JournalKidney International
Volume58
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Cell-matrix interaction
  • Degalactosylated IgA
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Glomerular hemodynamics
  • Mesangial matrix
  • Transmembrane proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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    Peruzzi, L., Amore, A., Cirina, P., Trusolino, L., Basso, G., Ricotti, E., Emancipator, S. N., Marchisio, P. C., & Coppo, R. (2000). Integrin expression and IgA nephropathy: In vitro modulation by IgA with altered glycosylation and macromolecular IgA. Kidney International, 58(6), 2331-2340. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1755.2000.00417.x